Urban Republic of Dinasia

The Urban Republic of Dinasia is a work-in-progress city-state micronation started by Ashton Snapp, the current president.

Dinasia is a proud member of the League of Independent Nations, or LIN.

At the time of making this website, Dinasia is officially 3 months old. Assuming you count the start of Dinasia as when I made the first post on r/micronations.

Just as a test, we're going to go through a few micronation classification systems.

Micronational Potential Index

The MPI, made by David I of Varina, is a variant of the difficult Desner System, with the MPI designed for younger micronations, 6 months or less.

Dinasia scores at 2.2. This is where a micronation around 2.5 months old should be, so we're on track!

Dresner System

Speaking of the Dresner System of Classification, I calculated that too. Dinasia places at a 1.8 (ouch).

Freayth System

Freayth is another classification system, which I also calculated. Dinasia places at a 3.

If you want to know the indvidual scores, Dinasia is at 1 in Politics (as we're only 3 months old), 1 in Development, 2 in Budget (this website costs $7/mo including backups, or $84/yr), 1 in Cultural Development, 3 in Freedoms (see Constitution), and 1 in Influence, at least as far as I know.

The Constitution of The Urban Republic of Dinasia

Preamble

We the people of Dinasia, in an effort to establish a city-state and preserve a peaceful and prosperous soceity, do hereby enact this constitution.

Article I. The Legislative Branch

Legislative powers shall be invested in an organization known as the Council of Dinasia.

Section 1. Composition

The Council shall be made up of 3 representatives elected by the entire nation, as well as 5 representatives per district elected by the people of that district. The 3 nationally-elected representatives shall be referred to as the National Councillors, while the representatives from all the districts will be referred to as the District Councillors.

Subsection a. Requirements

Anybody who wants to be a Councillor must be at least 20 years old, be a citizen of Dinasia for at least 5 years, and, if running as a District Councillor, be a resident of the district they’re representing.

Subsection b. Compensation

Councillor compensation cannot be modified until an election.

Section 2. Duties and Responsibilities

The entire Council shall act as jury in impeachment trials.

Subsection a. National Councillors

The 3 National Councillors shall be responsible for holding all Council meetings (including determining speaking time limits to avoid fillibustering), and are only allowed to vote in the case of a tie.

Subsection b. District Councillors

District Councillors vote on all laws going through the Council, and are put in committees to draft laws on specific subjects. In addition, District Councillors are responsible for drafting bylaws for their specific district (See Article V for more information).

Section 3. Election

Councillors shall be elected using a Single Transferrable Vote system. This will be done every four years.

Subsection a. Voting

When electing councillors, voters rank the candidates from who they want to be elected the most to who they want to be elected the least. Not all candidates need to be ranked, but you must indicate at least one candidate to give your vote to. An improperly filled ballot is considered invalid and indicates that a voter is not happy with any of the candidates.

Subsection b. Quota

Once all votes have been given, the total amount of valid votes are plugged into the Droop quota equation, (v/(s+1))+1, where v is the amount of valid votes and s is the number of open seats (3 when voting for a National Councillor, 5 when voting for a District Councillor). This equation returns the amount of votes needed to be elected (the quota).

Subsection c. Getting Results

Firstly, if anyone has crossed the calculated quota, they are elected into office. If they have any excess votes, they are given to the voter’s secondary choice, if any. If nobody else has crossed the quota, the candidate with the fewest votes is struck from the election and their votes are given to the voter’s secondary choice, if any. Note that, if a vote needs to be given to a secondary, tertiary, or so on choice, and said choice does not exist, the vote is discarded. This loops until all seats are filled, or until the number of candidates equals the number of open seats (in which case the remaining candidates are elected).

Section 4. Term Limit

Any individual may be Councillor for up to four consecutive terms (with one term being four years, the time between elections), provided they are re-elected, and may serve up to sixteen terms total. Once someone serves four consecutive terms as Councillor, they must wait at least one term before being allowed to run for the office of Councillor again. Once someone serves sixteen total terms, they will not be allowed to run for the office of Councillor again.

Article II. The Executive Branch

Executive powers shall be vested into a President and a group of Vice Presidents.

Section 1. The President

There shall be a single President of the Urban Republic of Dinasia.

Subsection a. Duties and Responsibilities

The President shall be responsible for running the country (which includes addressing the Council on the state of the nation, and taking different executive actions), shall act as the face of the nation, and shall be involved in the lawmaking process. The President shall also be responsible for deciding the national budget, and shall be the Commander-in-Chief of the Self-Defense Force. The President shall also be the primary treaty negotiator for the nation. The President may also, in times of crisis, call a special session of the Council.

Subsection b. Requirements

Anybody who wants to be the President must be at least 24 years old and be a citizen of Dinasia for at least 15 years.

Subsection c. Term Limits

Any individual may be President for up to two consecutive terms (with one term being the time between elections), provided they are re-elected, and may serve up to four terms total. Once someone serves two consecutive terms as President, they must wait at least one term before being allowed to run for the office of President again. Once someone serves four total terms, they will not be allowed to run for the office of President again.

Section 2. The Vice Presidents

There shall be a group of Vice Presidents – one for each District.

Subsection a. Duties and Responsibilities

Each Vice President is responsible for running their respective District, which includes running district meetings (See Article V for more information), advising the President on the needs of their constituents, and being involved in the lawmaking process.

Subsection b. Requirements

Anybody who wants to be a Vice President must be at least 22 years old, be a citizen of Dinasia for at least 10 years, and be a resident of the district they’re representing.

Subsection c. Term Limits

Any individual may be Vice President for up to three consecutive terms (with one term being the time between elections), provided they are re-elected, and may serve up to nine terms total. Once someone serves three consecutive terms as Vice President, they must wait at least one term before being allowed to run for the office of Vice President again. Once someone serves nine total terms, they will not be allowed to run for the office of Vice President again.

Section 3. Electing the President and Vice Presidents

Both the President and Vice Presidents are elected using a system of Instant Runoff Voting. IRV is similar to STV, except there is only one seat up for grabs. The Droop quota is still used, but is now equal to (v/2)+1, since the number of seats 's' is now equal to 1.

The Cabinet and Executive Departments

The Cabinet (similarly to the same body in the Executive branch of the United States of America) is a group of advisors to the President formed from the heads of Departments. There shall be a total of eight departments. The heads of these departments shall be appointed by the President and approved by the Council.

Subsection a. The Department of External Affairs

The Department of External Affairs shall be responsible for the diplomatic relations between Dinasia and other nations.

Subsection b. The Department of Internal Affairs

The Department of Internal Affairs shall be responsible for public administration, emergency management, issuing licenses, IDs, and passports, supervising the districts, conducting elections, and handling immigration, along with overseeing state-owned business entities.

Subsection c. The Department of Education

The Department of Education (DoE) shall be responsible for designing and maintaining educational standards across the nation.

Subsection d. The Department of Health and Agriculture

The Department of Health and Agriculture (DHA) shall be responsible for regulations involding food and healthcare.

Subsection e. The Department of Finances, Commerce, and Labor

The Department of Finances, Commerce, and Labor (DFCL) shall be responsible for minting the national currency, keeping track of the national treasury, any taxes and/or tarriffs, insuring a fair commercial market, and keeping peace between workers and those who employ them.

Subsection f. The Department of Self-Defense and Security

The Department of Self-Defense and Security (DSDS) shall be responsible for maintaining the Self-Defense Force and for designing, maintaining, and enforcing security standards for all government assets.

Subsection g. The Department of Justice and Law Enforcement

The Department of Justice and Law Enforcement (DJLE) shall encompass the Judicial Branch of the government and be responsible for enforcing and interpreting laws, as well as keeping the peace and ensuring no laws be passed that violate this constitution.

Subsection h. The Department of National Development

The Department of National Development (DND) shall be responsible for designing and maintaining urban development codes, zoning rules, and other matters involved in developing a city-state.

Section 5. Impeachment

The President, Vice Presidents, and all other Officers of Dinasia may be removed from Office on impeachment for, and conviction of, any crime.

Article III. The Judicial Branch

Section 1. The Supreme Court

The highest level national court in Dinasia shall be known as the Supreme Court, which shall have appellate jurisdiction over all other courts in the nation, and shall have original jurisdiction in cases between the nation and a district, cases between two districts, cases involving foreign diplomats, and cases brought by citizens of a foreign nation. In appellate cases which the Supreme Court accepts, it may also use the case to perform judicial review over national laws, district actions, executive department and agency actions, and presidential actions.

Subsection a. Composition

The Supreme Court shall consist of one chief justice and at least two secondary justices, who shall hold their office during good behavior, and shall be paid an agreed upon value at agreed upon times, which can not be changed while said justice is in office. Supreme Court justices are appointed by the President and approved by the Council.

Subsection b. Extra Responsibilities of the Chief Justice

The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court shall preside over impeachments should they occur.

Section 2. National Court System

National courts, which are inferior to the Supreme Court, may be created via national law. The lowest level national courts shall have original juristdiction in cases involving residents of separate districts, or in criminal cases where a single individual commits crimes in multiple districts. All courts superior have appellate jurisdiction.

Section 3. District Court System

Districts must have a Superior Court, which shall be second only to the national Supreme Court. Courts inferior to this Superior Court shall be created via bylaw. The lowest level district courts shall have original juristdiction in all cases not already covered in this constitution. All courts superior have appellate jurisdiction.

Article IV. The Process of Lawmaking

This article shall hereby summarize and document the entire process of national lawmaking.

Section 1. The Council

Laws begin in the Council.

Subsection a. In Committee

A committee of the Council will draft the law. The process of drafting a law may include performing pubic surveys or hearings, or other forms of opinion gathering. The drafting process ends once a majority of the responsible committee votes to present it before the rest of the Council. When this happens, they shall determine whether other council members will be able to choose whether other councillors will be able to suggest amendments to the law.

Subsection b. Council Meeting

The drafted law is presented at the next Council meeting. Councillors discuss the law and, if applicable, suggest and vote on amendments to the law. At the end of the Council meeting, a vote shall be held. If a majority of the Council votes for the law, it will pass to the executive branch. If, however, a majority votes against the law, the process starts over.

Section 2. Executive Branch

Once a majority of the Council votes for a law, it is sent to the executive branch.

Subsection a. Vice Presidents

The law first reaches all the vice presidents. The Vice Presidents may make the decision alone, or they may pass the decision by their constituents (as in, they may have district residents vote on the law). A Vice President may sign the law, or veto it. If a majority of the Vice Presidents sign a law, or if there is a tie, it passes to the President. Otherwise, the process starts over.

Subsection b. The President

Once the law reaches the President, they have two options: they may sign the law, which makes it legally binding, or veto it. This must be done within two weeks. If the president does not make a decision by the end of the two week period, and the Council is still in session, the law passes anyways. If no decision is made by the end of the period and the Council is not in session, it acts as a veto. The Council may override a presidential veto with an overwhelming majority (two-thirds) vote.

Article V. Districts

The Urban Republic of Dinasia shall be subdivided into 8 districts, with an independent area in the center for the national government and foreign embassies.

Section 1. District Governance

Each district is governed by its representatives – its Vice President and District Councillors. The Vice President shall be responsible for holding district meetings and running the day-to-day operations of the district, while the District Councillors shall be responsible for drafting district bylaws.

Section 2. District Meetings

Each district shall hold meetings where bylaws may be voted on by district residents. The Vice President shall be responsible for calling and holding these meetings. Any finished bylaws must be brought up and voted upon at the nearest meeting.

Section 3. Bylaws

Each district may pass governing bylaws. These bylaws are secondary to national laws, and tertiary to this Constitution.

Article VI. Citizen Rights and Freedoms

Dinasia believes in human rights and fredoms. As such, we shall hereby enumerate the rights and freedoms of our citizens.

Section 1. Freedoms of Speech, Thought, and Press

In no way shall the government of Dinasia be allowed to restrict the abilities of its citizens to speak or think freely, nor shall it be allowed to restrict the ability of the press to report on events.

Section 2. Freedom of Religion

In no way shall the government of Dinasia be allowed to restrict religious practice or combine church and state. No citizen may be compelled to participate in a religion’s ceremonies or to observe its holidays.

Section 3. Freedom to Peacefully Assemble

Citizens must be allowed to come together in a peaceful fashion without government interference. This encompasses the freedom of association, also known as the freedom to associate with others.

Section 4. Right to Petition

Citizens must have the right to petition the government for anything.

Section 5. Right to Bear Arms

While peace is preferrable, violence sometimes cannot be avoided. So, it is imperative that citizens have the capacity to defend themselves, and therefore have the right to bear weaponry.

Section 6. Right to Privacy

All Dinasian citizens have the right to a private life and the right to private correspondence, including their online life and correspondence. This privacy may only be breached by the government wiith a probable cause, supported by oath and specific in scope, that is approved by public court.

Section 7. Right to Property

All Dinasian citizens have the right to private property. This property may not be taken by the government unless for public benefit as approved by public court, in which case the owner must be justly compensated.

Section 8. Right to Due Process

Any citizen, should they be accused of a crime, shall have the right to due process, including the right to a speedy and public trial, the right to be tried by an impartial jury, the right to be informed of the crime they are accused of, the right to confront witnesses, and the right to compel witnesses to appear in court.

Section 9. Freedom from Self-Incrimination and Double Jeopardy

No citizen, should they be accused of a crime, may be compelled to incriminate themselves, nor can they be tried for the same exact crime multiple times.

Section 10. Right to Legal Counsel

Any citizen, should they be accused of a crime, will be allowed to call for assistance from private or public legal counsel.

Section 11. Freedom from Excessive Bail or Fines, or from Cruel or Unusual Punishments

No citizen, should they be proven guilty of a crime, may be shouldered with a fine or bail that is disproportionate to the offence, nor may any cruel or unusual punishment be inflicted.

Section 12. Right to Equal Opportunity

All citizens of Dinasia shall be considered equal under the law.

Section 13. Right to Vote

Any Dinasian citizen 18 years or older shall have the right to vote in elections in their district of residence, as well as national elections.

Article VII. Amendments

This Constitution may be amended in a similar way to how laws are passed, however an overwhelming majority of the Council must be reached (two-thirds of all votes), and it must pass the President and Vice Presidents without being vetoed. Any and all amendments to this Constitution shall be placed within this Article.